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Genetic Algorithm(GA)

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The Genetic Algorithm(GA) is a probabilistic search algorithm that iteratively transforms a set (called a population) of mathematical objects (typically fixed-length binary character strings), each with an associated fitness value, into a new population of offspring objects using the Darwinian principle of natural selection and using operations that are patterned after naturally occurring genetic operations, such as crossover (sexual recombination) and mutation. (Holland, 1975 ; Charbonneau and Knapp, 1995)

 

Fig. Structure of Genetic Algorithm

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